Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosna i Hercegovina, Боснa и Херцеговина, Bosna I Hercegovina) is a country situated on the Balkan Peninsula, Southeastern Europe. It borders the countries of Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro, with an Adriatic Sea coastline of about 20 km.
This country is divided into the regions of Bosnia, which occupies about four-fifths of the territory, in the northern part, and of Herzegovina, in the southern areas.
Bosnia and Herzegovina has inherited a rich culture translated into arts, such as the distinctive music and architecture and, as it has a mountainous topography and snowy winters, skiing is a popular sport such as in Blidinje ski resort. The capital Sarajevo, situated on the banks of Miljacka River and surrounded by the Dinaric Alps, is characterised by a multicultural image with an Eastern charm.
Population: estimated 3.53 million inhabitants
Other major cities: Banja Luka, Tuzla, Zenica, Bijeljina, Mostar, Prijedor
Religion: Islam (51%), Christianity (46%)
Climate: Mediterranean in Herzegovina (south) and lowlands, moderate continental climate, with hot summers and cold, snowy winters
Main attractions: Stari Most, Strbackibuk and Kravice waterfalls, Emperor's Mosque, Academy of Fine Arts, Latin Bridge,Yellow Fortress, Sarajevo Tunnel, Markale Market in Sarajevo, Vrelo Bosne, Vranduk-Castle, Kajtaz House, Mehmet PašaSokolović Bridge, Neretva and Drina rivers, National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hercegovačka Gračanica monastery, Jahorina mountain
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