China, or People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国), situated in Asia, south of Mongolia and west of the Korean Peninsula, is the most populated country in the world. As a large country, China has a great diversity of topographies, such as the Tibetan plateau, surrounded by the Himalayas, the impressive Yellow Mountains and the Mount Tai, alpine lakes, rivers embellishing the territory. China arose as one of the first civilisations, with a distinctive culture and influenced by Buddhism shown through the incredible Buddhist temples and statues. The cities combine the ancient with the modern features such as in the capital Beijing and the attractive city of Shanghai, with a mix of architectural styles. China, with its large bamboo forests is home to the giant pandas that are found mainly in the Tibetan hills such as in Sichuan Province. The majestic Great Wall of China, along the country’s northern borders is one of the greatest wonders of the world.

Population: around 1.403 billion inhabitants

Capital: Beijing

Other major cities: Shanghai, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Tianjin, Chengdu, Suzhou, Wuhan, Xi’an, Nanjing

Religion: Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Daoism, Chinese folk religion

Climate: The country has diverse climate zones: tropical, subtropical, warm-temperate, temperate, cold-temperate, and Qinghai-Tibet Plateau temperate zone.  It is dominated by dry seasons and wet monsoons, hence the differences of temperature between winter and summer. 

Main attractions: Great Wall of China, Terracotta Army, Li River, Leshan Great Buddha, Longmen Grottoes, Yellow Mountains, Giant panda, Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square, Summer Palace, The Bund, Shanghai Tower, Yangtze River Cruise, Classical Gardens of Suzhou, Potala Palace, Hangzhou's Historic West Lake, Mausoleum of Light, Hani Rice Terraces, Jiuzhai Valley, Jiuzhaigou National Park, Three Gorges Dam, Hainan island, Victoria Harbour


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