Colombia, or the Republic of Columbia, is a country situated in the northwest part of South America, sharing borders with Brazil, Venezuela, Panama, Ecuador and Peru.
Columbia offers wonderful attractions such as pristine Caribbean coast, Andean peaks, Amazon jungle, interesting towns, archaeological ruins and stunning natural landscapes across the country. Top tourist destinations include the Walled City Cartagena, where you see historic walls surrounding the superb old town featuring colonial architecture and Caribbean ambiance, as well as historic glamour and modern design. The exceptional Ciudad Perdida (“Lost City”), an archaeological site of an ancient city (considered to have been built 650 years earlier than Machu Picchu) is worth a visit!
Bogotá, Columbia’s capital, is an exciting city where you will admire colonial buildings and numerous historic landmarks. The most popular sites are the historic downtown - La Candelaria, Bolívar Square, the Museum of Gold and Monserrate Hill. Other major city is Medellín in Antioquia, one of the 32 departments of the country. The magnificent city can be admired form above through the famous metro cable.
Population: approximately 50 million inhabitants
Other Major Cities: Medellín, Santiago de Cali, Barranquilla, Cartagena, Cúcuta, Soledad, Ibagué, Bucaramanga, Soacha
Religion: Christianity (around 90%)
Climate: generally tropical and warm, with variations according to altitude, humidity, temperature, rainfall and wind
Main Attractions: Salt Cathedral of Zipaquirá (underground Roman Catholic church), Ciudad Perdida archaeological site of an ancient city (“Lost City”), San Andrés island, Castillo San Felipe de Barajas (fortress in Cartagena), Bolívar Square (Bogotá), Botero Museum, Museum of Gold, Las Lajas Sanctuary, Walled City Cartagena, Cali Zoo, Mount Monserrate, Medellín, Metrocable, Caribbean Museum (Barranquilla), Casa Terracota (Villa de Leyva), Tayrona National Park
La Guajira’s Dunes and Deserts, El Cocuy National Park, Caño Cristales (river known as “River of Five Colors”