The island country of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti) is one of the largest and most populated islands in the Mediterranean Sea. Neighbouring countries of Cyprus, in the eastern Mediterranean region, are Egypt, Israel (north), Lebanon, Syria (west), Turkey (south) and Greece (east).
Cyprus has a few significant archaeological sites, namely the prehistoric site of Khirokitia; a variety of attractive landscapes including the Troodos Mountains, and national parks, excellent sandy beaches and landmarks.
There are two different political areas in the island: the Republic of Cyprus in the southern part, and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, as well as a rich culture, between the Turkish Cypriots and Greek Cypriots.

Population: estimated 1.1 million inhabitants

Capital: Nicosia

Other major cities: Limassol, Strovolos, Larnaca, Famagusta, Lakatamia, Kyrenia, Paphos

Religions: Eastern Orthodoxy (78%), Islam (20%)

Climate: intense Mediterranean climate with long, dry summers, and mild winters

Main attractions: Petra tou Romiou (Aphrodite’s Rock), Capo Greco National Park, Avakas Gorge, Mount Olympus, Venetian Walls (Nicosia), Kyrenia Castle,Tombs of the Kings, Kato Paphos Archaeological Park, Paphos Castle, Kolossi Castle, Khirokitia (archaeological site), House of Dionysos (archaeological site), Hala Sultan Tekke mosque 

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